We consider Hydromat Rotary Transfer Machines to be the ultimate solution for production of high volume turned parts requiring secondary operations or machining on opposite internal ends of the part. Hydromats feature up to 16 horizontal machining stations and up to 8 vertical machining stations. Modular stations allow the machine to be customized for each application. Typical cycle times are 4 to 15 seconds. This is approximately the same amount of time required to feed barstock or to load a blank in CNC machinery. Disadvantages of Hydromats include tooling expense and long setup time required. Hydromats begin to be a cost effective option when annual production volumes (or part families) exceed 100,000 pieces.